What is Venous Reflux, and How is it Caused?


Venous reflux is a condition in which blood flow reverses direction in the veins, causing symptoms such as pain, inflammation, and swelling. While the exact cause of venous reflux is not known, it is thought to be related to valves within the veins that become damaged or dysfunctional. Venous reflux can often be diagnosed using ultrasound imaging, which can show the direction of blood flow within the veins. Treatment for venous reflux typically involves lifestyle changes and medications to improve blood circulation and reduce symptoms. In some cases, surgery may also be necessary to repair or remove damaged valves within the veins.

Many places, like a good Queens vein doctor can offer the latest and most effective treatments for venous reflux. Treatments for venous reflux, include endovenous laser therapy (EVLT), sclerotherapy, and phlebectomy.

What are the symptoms of venous reflux?

Venous reflux is a condition in which blood flow reverses direction in the veins and causes pooling. This can lead to a number of symptoms, including edema (swelling), leg cramps, pain that gets worse when standing, itchy legs, throbbing or aching sensations, weak legs, varicose veins, reticular veins, leg ulcers, changes in skin color, thickened skin, and tightness in the calves.

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment. With proper care, venous reflux can be managed and its symptoms controlled.

What causes venous reflux?

Venous reflux can happen when valves or veins are damaged, when blood clots block circulation, or in the case of certain blood disorders. In many cases, venous reflux is the result of an injury. When veins are damaged, they may not be able to close properly, which allows blood to flow backward. Over time, this can lead to a build-up of pressure in the veins and damage to the valves. If left untreated, venous reflux can cause pain, swelling, and eventually ulcers. However, with proper treatment, most people with this condition are able to manage their symptoms and live relatively normal lives.

What are the risk factors for venous insufficiency?

There are a number of risk factors for venous insufficiency, including pregnancy, obesity, and a family history of varicose veins. Other risk factors include deep vein thrombosis, a sedentary lifestyle, smoking, and age.

While venous insufficiency can be a serious condition, it is often treatable with lifestyle changes or medical interventions. If you are concerned that you may be at risk for venous insufficiency, speak with your doctor about ways to prevent or treat the condition.

How is venous reflux testing performed?

Venous reflux testing is used to diagnose a condition in which blood flow in the veins is not working properly. The test involves checking pulses at numerous different places in the body and using ultrasound to measure the speed of blood flow. A pressure sensor is also placed on the skin to measure the amount of pressure required to stop the blood flow. The results of the test help to determine whether the veins are functioning properly and whether there is any damage to the veins. The test is usually performed by a doctor or other trained healthcare professional.

How is venous reflux disease treated?

Both sclerotherapy and EVLT are minimally-invasive outpatient procedures that treat venous reflux disease. During sclerotherapy, a sterile solution is injected into the diseased vein, causing it to collapse and gradually fade away. EVLT involves the use of a laser to close off the affected vein. Once the vein is sealed, blood is redirected to healthy veins. Both procedures are effective in treating venous reflux disease and can provide long-term relief from symptoms. However, EVLT may be less likely than sclerotherapy to cause side effects such as bruising and swelling.

In addition, complementary therapies such as compression stockings and elevation can help to reduce symptoms and speed up the healing process. Ultimately, the best treatment for venous reflux disease will be determined by the severity of the condition and the preferences of the patient.

8 Possible Knee Replacement Surgery Complications

Knee replacement surgery lessens knee pain, improves mobility, and gets you back to enjoying the things you love doing. Over 600,000 people undergo knee replacement surgeries yearly in the United States. While severe complications like infections are rare, they occur in less than 2% of the cases, making this procedure safe. And like other medical procedures, it’s vital to familiarize yourself with the potential risks of getting knee replacement surgery. This article outlines nine possible knee replacement surgery complications.

Implant Failure

Knee implants are designed to last long. However, there’s a possibility they might fail. This means the replacement joint won’t function as intended. Knee implants may fail due to a problem with the implant or any other cause. When a knee implant fails, you may experience pain, reduced joint function, stiffness or swelling in the knee joint, or knee instability.

However, the revision surgery is riskier, lasts longer, and is more complex. After an implant failure, you’re eligible for compensation from the medical device manufacturer because it’s their legal obligation to ascertain that their products are safe and free of harmful defects or flaws. For instance, if you used an Exactech implant, and then it failed prematurely, you’re eligible for an Exactech lawsuit. This lawsuit entitles you to damages for corrective surgery and treatment expenses, pain and suffering, and any lost wages or income caused by the knee implant failure.

Blood Clots

Since knee replacement surgery impacts blood flow around the knee, it increases blood clot development risks. This may result in severe complications such as pulmonary embolism, a blood clot in the lungs that can be life-threatening. If a blood clot reaches the lungs, you might experience difficulties breathing, faintness and dizziness, mild fever, rapid heartbeat, and cough that might or might not produce blood.

To reduce blood clot risks, your doctor may prescribe blood-thinning medications or suggest techniques to enhance circulation, including lower leg workouts, support stockings, calf pumps, not sitting still for extended periods, or raising the legs to improve circulation and prevent clot formation.

Anaesthesia Complications

While local or general anaesthesia is usually safe, it might have some side effects. The common ones may include sore throat, vomiting, shivering, pain, drowsiness, dizziness, and discomfort. You may also experience allergic reactions, difficulty breathing, and nerve injury. To reduce the risk of anaesthesia complications, tell your doctor about over-the-counter or prescribed medications you’re on and supplements, tobacco, alcohol, or recreational drug usage in advance because they can interfere with it.


While infections are rare in knee replacement surgeries, they’re a possible occurrence. They’re a severe complication that may happen when bacteria enters the knee joint after or during surgery. Your doctor can reduce infection risks by sterilizing the operating room environment, using sterilized implants and equipment, and giving you antibiotics. To prevent or manage infection, keep your wound clean, take the prescribed antibiotics, and inform the doctors of any medications you’re on or health conditions you may have. You may also get infected if your immune system is compromised.


Bleeding after and during the knee replacement procedure is normal. However, in rare cases, you may lose a lot of blood during surgery, necessitating a transfusion. After the surgery, blood may pool under your skin, causing swelling. In such a case, you may require another procedure to release the blood.

Constant Pain

Pain is normal after surgery. Nonetheless, it should improve with time. The doctor will prescribe some pain relievers to help manage the pain. If the pain persists, seek the doctor’s advice because you may have a complication.

Knee Stiffness and Loss of Motion

Scar tissue sometimes affects knee motion. Physical therapy and other special exercises can help solve this problem. If you’re experiencing severe stiffness, you may require a follow-up procedure to adjust the prosthesis in the knee or break the scar tissue. Get regular exercises and inform your doctor in advance if the stiffness doesn’t reduce.

Nerve and Artery Damage

Nerve damage may result in loss of movement or feeling in the affected area. Occasionally, surgeons can accidentally cut a blood vessel or nerve running near the knee. Should this happen, you may require a second surgery to repair the damage.


While knee surgeries improve quality of life, they may have complications. Familiarize yourself with these possible knee replacement surgery complications and take the necessary precaution.

Young woman practicing yoga in the nature

4 Blue Zone Habits You Can Adopt Today For a Healthier, Happier Life

Young woman practicing yoga in the nature

Did you know that there are five locations in the world where people are measurably happier, healthier, and live longer?

Dubbed blue zones, Okinawa (Japan), Nicoya (Costa Rica), Sardinia (Italy), Loma Linda (USA), and Ikaria (Greece) have the highest number of people who live past 100. Research has also shown these people are healthier and happier than the average citizen.

Short of moving to a brand-new country, there are ways you can incorporate blue-zoning into your life to reap the mood and health-boosting benefits of these long-living communities.

What’s different about blue zone locations?

National Geographic Fellow Dan Buetter discovered that these five locations have the longest life expectancy, and there are a lot of factors they have in common. Despite being spread across the globe, these locations all follow similar diets that are heavily plant-based and feature pulses, beans, and nuts.

The residents of these nations are also more physically active and get better rest – two activities that are becoming scarce in the UK. But if you think you need a gym membership to replicate the blue zone life, don’t worry – this exercise comes in the form of healthy daily habits including walking, gardening, farming, and chores.

Blue zoners tend to have a strong purpose in life, which has in part been attributed to the spirituality and religious roots of these locations, as well as their deep connections with friends, family, and their communities.

Now, we’ll cover some of the ways you can incorporate the blue zone lifestyle into your own life.

Find tranquillity in your home

Our homes are supposed to be restful environments, but they don’t always end up that way. Chores, family responsibilities and even work can impact our ability to rest and recharge at home. Creating a homely space where you can get away from the hustle and bustle of everyday life can help you to reset.

Spirituality and looking after your mental well-being are core to the blue zone lifestyle, so having a safe haven in your home where you can practice mindfulness and switch off is important. This could be a spare room, your bedroom, or even a little nook in your living or dining room that is designated for recuperation.

Making the time and space for meditation has been linked to improved sleep, which is another feature of blue zone living. So, curl up in your cosy spot, tea in your favourite floral mug in hand, and let your mind relax.

Introduce your diet to more variety

A diet filled with fish, fruits and vegetables, beans, pulses, and nuts is core to the blue zone way of life. While the meals of an Ikaria resident won’t be exactly the same as Okinawa, the same building blocks are there. Blue zoners limit red meat and processed foods, opting for fresh harvests and leaner cuts of meat.

You don’t need to overhaul your entire diet to make it more blue zone – and we’d encourage you to add to it rather than taking away from it. Instead of trying to cut out entire food groups, why not add more variety to your dinner plate? Adding additional vegetables to your meals and snacking on nuts is a great way to incorporate these nutrient-dense foods. Then you can look at swapping red meats for seafood or poultry to make your meals even more nutritious.

Get your steps in

Blue zoners aren’t gym bunnies, but they do get a lot of exercise. That’s because physical activity is built into their everyday habits. Whether they go on walks in their beautiful surroundings daily, own a farm that they tend to, or keep on top of their chores, they’re active groups of people.

Walking is a big part of life in these areas, and because the locations feature beautifully rolling hills and breathtaking mountain scenes, they’re naturally going to work inhabitants’ bodies harder, so people are reaping the health rewards. Walking more can increase cardiovascular health, muscle strength, and lung capacity, as well as reduce symptoms of mental health conditions such as depression, so it’s definitely worth fitting more steps into your day.

If you’re constantly busy, you could choose to walk to the local shops instead of driving, or add more walking on your way to work if you use public transport – try jumping off a couple of stops early. Don’t forget that all your chores add up too – even pottering around hoovering will contribute to keeping you healthy.

Get into gardening

Gardening is central to many blue zone communities and is another great way to make sure we’re building physical activity into our everyday habits. But there are plenty of other benefits to it. Gardening is great for our mental health for a number of reasons. Immersing ourselves in nature is one of the most powerful ways to boost mental well-being because it can “rest and recharge our brains”, according to Professor Alistair Griffiths.

Cultivating your crops of flowers, fruits, and vegetables gives your mind something to focus on, meaning there’s less mental space for negative thoughts and feelings. What’s more, as you see the literal fruits of your labour grow and develop, you’ll get a self-esteem boost. It’s rewarding to see your hard work flourish into something beautiful (and sometimes edible!).

Our lives are hectic, and that can sometimes leave us feeling like we don’t have the time to practise healthy habits. But by taking a leaf out of blue zoners’ books and building health into our everyday activities, we can boost our mental and physical well-being. Will you be adopting these blue zone habits?

Construction worker accident with a construction worker.

Four Common Work-Related Minor Injuries that Often Go Unnoticed and Can Lead to Long-Term Health Issues

Construction worker accident with a construction worker.

In the workplace, accidents can be quite frequent, and some can result in serious and minor injuries. It has been estimated that 270 million workplace injuries occur across the world each year.

When it comes to Britain, work-related injuries and health issues tend to be on the daily agenda too. Every year, about 1.7 million employees will suffer from some sort of occupational ill health, and 0.4 million will end up picking up non-fatal injuries.

In the event of an accident that has happened due to the employer’s negligence and has had a negative impact on the person’s life, workers can file a work accident claim to receive well-deserved compensation.

That said, it is common for less resounding incidents to go unnoticed. But the truth is, in the long run, they can gradually escalate into a bigger problem, causing extended pain and suffering.

Here, we take a look at habitual, work-related minor injuries and health problems that are often overlooked when, in reality, they shouldn’t be.    

1.     Slips, trips and fall-induced injuries

Slips and trips are the most recurring cause of injury in the workplace. In fact, they are responsible for more than one-third of all significant injuries and can often lead to further accidents, such as falls from height and into machinery.

Slips and trips are so common because they can easily happen in any environment, from ‘standard’ offices to construction sites. Tendentially, they occur when floors are wet or contaminated due to poor maintenance and housekeeping. As they are a very frequent form of accident, it is easy to brush off the episode if there is no noticeable, immediate consequence.

However, slips, trips, and falls can originate an array of severe injuries and health issues. For instance, they may result in head and brain injuries, cuts, lacerations, soft tissue injuries to the back, and fractures. Some of these injuries may show very feeble symptoms at first. But if ignored and left untreated, they can quickly worsen and have a negative impact on the lives of those affected.


2.     Whiplash injury

The nature of some jobs may require workers to hit the road on a daily basis. From couriers and florists to dog groomers and street food restauranteurs, there are many occupations where driving is an inescapable part of the job description.

When out and about, especially during rush hours, mishaps can take place at every turn. Even slamming the breaks to avoid colliding with another vehicle or a pedestrian can be harmful. You are likely to suffer an abrupt movement of the head and neck, which may result in whiplash injury. The effects of whiplash can take up to 24 hours to manifest and could be confused for tiredness or a normal headache. However, in some instances, whiplash can become a serious, long-standing condition that causes chronic pain, concentration and memory problems, and inability to sleep soundly.

Susanne McGraw, Head of Personal Injury at Watermans, said: “As part of a team of personal injury lawyers, I support many people who have suffered a whiplash injury when at the wheel of their vehicle. Most of them will recover within days, whereas others have to deal with its effects for weeks or even months.

“My recommendation is to seek medical assistance as soon as possible. This will give you the chance to get the treatment you need and alleviate feelings of discomfort in a timely manner.”


3.     Noise-induced hearing loss

Work-related hearing problems affect about 14,000 employees in the UK every year. This is usually the result of spending prolonged hours in a loud environment, especially when sounds surpass 85 decibels. For instance, workers who handle electric hand tools or other sound-emitting equipment have a good chance of suffering from noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL).

The problem with NIHL is that it tends to happen and escalate gradually. This means it is difficult to catch before the damage has ultimately been made. It is likely that the sufferer will not even realise that it’s occurring until it is too late. It is important to look out for subtle symptoms such as sensations of ‘fullness’ in the ears and an intermittent or continuous buzzing. If you notice you are struggling to hear people talking a few feet away, you should start asking yourself why, especially if you work in a noisy environment.

To prevent NIHL, make sure you always wear noise-reducing earmuffs. Where possible, it is wise to collaborate with your employer to find methods to both measure and control noise levels.


4.     Repetitive strain injury

Repetitive strain injury (RSI) is a common injury that happens when muscles, tendons, and nerves carry out the same action. Manual occupations often require you to perform specific motions repeatedly. This, in turn, can favour physical damage over an extended period of time.

Because the damage is gradual, RSI can go unnoticed for a long time, and it usually affects the hands, wrists, elbows, neck, and shoulders. If not diagnosed early, RSI can deteriorate and become chronic, making the recovery process very challenging. Some of its most prominent causes are constant movements such as typing, poor ergonomic conditions, and not taking regular breaks.

One of the problems with RSI is that its symptoms are easily neglected. At the start, it will only manifest itself through tingling and sensory disturbances in the forearm and hand, which quickly subside as you rest your limbs for a short while. This can wrongfully tempt people to postpone seeking medical advice.

One of the best ways to prevent RSI issues is to assume a straight sitting posture with relaxed arms and shoulders. Not only that, but it’s also to vary your movements as much as possible and avoid repetitive motions.

From whiplash and repetitive strain to noise and slip-induced injuries, there are many issues that can emerge as a result of work accidents and habitual job duties. If you start experiencing mild symptoms that you cannot explain, don’t put up with it – make sure to see your doctor. A medical appointment can nip the problem in the bud, sparing you from chronic pain and suffering in the long term.

Recovering Your Quality of Life After a Spinal Cord Injury

Spinal cord injuries are among the injuries that can alter a victim’s life significantly. The quality of life after a spinal injury depends on several factors like the injury’s severity and the victim’s mental state.

While some spinal cord injuries result in permanent disabilities, you can still choose to make the best of your new life to ensure that your quality of life is at its best, given the circumstances. This guide offers ideas to help you enjoy your life after a spinal cord injury.

source: https://pixabay.com/photos/the-back-hand-pains-healing-3605073/

Follow Through With the Doctor’s Prescribed Treatment Regime

Upon a spinal cord injury diagnosis, a doctor will create a treatment regimen depending on the severity of your injuries. Sometimes remaining confined in a bed after a spinal cord injury is not a choice, especially if the injury leads to paralysis.

But there are situations where a doctor may require you to get bed rest even when you could move around. The doctor may also recommend therapy to help your body parts regain normal function after an

Following through with the doctor’s recommendation helps achieve recovery faster. On the flip side, not following the doctor’s recommendation can cause a deterioration of your condition resulting in much more severe conditions such as permanent disability, even when you have chances of recovery.

Reach Out for Help

No person can be adequately prepared for an injury that causes disability. When it happens, it is common for a person to struggle mentally, resulting in psychological problems such as depression, anxiety disorders, and stress.

If you feel overwhelmed by your circumstances, reaching out to the people in your circle for support is best. If the help of the people around you is not sufficient, you may want to seek help from a
mental health professional.

You may also consider searching for local support groups where you can find people in the same kind of predicament.

Finding people in your situations and learning how they are coping and making the best out of their lives can help you see the silver lining in your predicament and ease your suffering.

Seek Compensation for Damages

Spinal cord injury treatment and rehabilitation can result in very high costs considering treatment regimens for some spinal cord injuries can last a lifetime. Also, almost all types of spinal cord injuries result in lost wages.

Being unable to work, piling medical bills, and expensive home modifications can be distressing. But you can find reprieve through an injury claim or lawsuit if your injuries result from another person’s negligent or wrongful actions. Because of the nature of damages suffered in spinal cord injuries, the claim’s value can be relatively high.

The higher the value of a claim, the more opposition it attracts from the at-fault insurer or lawyers.

Therefore, you may need the help of a reputable spinal cord injury law firm, such as Boohoff Law firm; Boohoff Law’s firm expertise in spinal cord injuries is unmatched, and they would be an excellent option for you if you hope to recover a fair outcome from your lawsuit.

Allow Yourself Time

While you recover fully from some types of spinal cord injuries, the road may be long and frustrating. Therefore, allow yourself time to recover. While it is good to stay hopeful, managing your expectations is also important because it can help minimize frustrations and mental anguish.

The doctor’s prognosis is almost always correct, so you could base your expectations on it while at the same time believing for more. If more don’t come, you can choose to enjoy what you have and make the most out of it.

Staying positive is a choice you will have to make every day of your life after a spinal cord injury, so ensure you surround yourself with things and people that can help you stay positive.

5 Different Types of Neurological Disorders — and How They’re Treated

Image Source: Pixabay

Neurology diagnoses and treats diseases that affect the nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. Neurological disorders are common and are becoming increasingly widespread all over the world.

Neurologists treat neurological disorders, but they will also treat muscular disorders. Neurological disorders range in severity from mild to debilitating. Some neurological disorders appear early and can be diagnosed at birth, while others are diagnosed later.

There are more than 600 neurological disorders known to medicine.

The following are some of the most common neurological disorders and how they are treated:

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral Palsy is a common neurological disorder affecting about one percent of the population. The leading cause of Cerebral Palsy is birth injuries resulting from issues during labour or delivery. Abnormal brain development could also lead to Cerebral Palsy.

Cerebral Palsy is a disorder that involves damage to the nervous system, adversely affecting a person’s muscle control. It leads to motor disability as Cerebral Palsy patients cannot move their muscles or maintain proper balance and posture. Poor reflexes, rigid limbs, and involuntary movements are symptoms of Cerebral Palsy.

There is no treatment for Cerebral Palsy, but it can be managed by physical therapy and, sometimes, surgery.


Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that affects the central nervous system, where nerve cell activity becomes disturbed, leading to seizures. It could also lead to abnormal behaviour and, in some cases, the loss of consciousness. Anyone can develop epilepsy.

Epilepsy is often the result of a genetic disorder. However, it can also be caused by a brain injury like trauma or a stroke. Treatment for epilepsy often involves medications, and medicinal marijuana is increasingly showing positive results. Medical devices, dietary changes, and surgery could also be used to manage epilepsy.


Meningitis is a neurological disease that affects the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord. It is often caused by an infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord, leading to inflammation of the meninges. Viral meningitis caused by a virus is the more common type of meningitis and is rarely deadly.

Contrarily, bacterial meningitis caused by bacteria is rare but often fatal. Symptoms of meningitis include headache, fever, vomiting, nausea, joint pains, and seizures. Treatment for meningitis will depend on the type. For viral meningitis, it is about relieving the symptoms; a reason why you should understand neurology care in Michigan. Intravenous (IV) antibiotics are used to treat bacterial meningitis.

Brain Tumours

Brain tumours are another increasingly common neurological disorder. A brain tumour refers to a growth of abnormal cells in the body. The mass of cells could be cancerous or non-cancerous.

Brain tumours often start in the brain. However, they can start elsewhere and spread to the brain. Symptoms of a brain tumour include dizziness, confusion, debilitating headaches, blurred vision, loss of balance, and seizures.

In unusual cases, the victim exhibits little to no symptoms, and the tumour is identified during medical tests. Brain tumours are treated using surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy.

Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s Disease is a degenerative disorder that affects the nervous system and the body parts nerves control. It is a progressive disorder as symptoms will be mild at first and get more severe with time.

Parkinson’s Disease is caused by damage to nerve cells due to trauma or exposure to environmental toxins. Age and genetics are significant risk factors for the disease. Parkinson’s often starts with tremors in one hand or leg and spreads to the others.

It affects movement, so symptoms include slow movement, muscular stiffness, and poor balance. There is no cure for Parkinson’s Disease, but medicines can help manage it.

Numerous neurological disorders affect many people worldwide. Brain tumours, Cerebral Palsy, Parkinson’s Disease, Epilepsy, and Meningitis, are some of the more common neurological disorders. It is crucial to understand neurological care as most neurological diseases have no cure and can only be managed.


Is Rhinoplasty Really Reversible? Surgeon Comments Why It Shouldn’t Be Attempted


With reverse nose jobs trending in the beauty world, rhinoplasty surgeon explains why the return to the pre-surgery nose is nearly impossible and why rhinoplasty is best left for medical reasons.

The fluctuating beauty canons prompt people to go under the knife to achieve the desired aesthetic. Although rhinoplasty—a nose job—is one of the most frequent facial plastic surgeries—over 800K surgeries performed worldwide in 2019—studies show that rhinoplasty patients are more satisfied with improved function rather than aesthetic results. However, now people who have undergone rhinoplasty for aesthetic reasons are getting reverse nose jobs to return to their natural noses that reflect their national identity or family heritage.

Yet reverse rhinoplasty comes with its share of certain risks to one’s health or even sought end goal. Dr. Gytis Baranauskas, otorhinolaryngologist-rhinoplasty surgeon at Nordesthetics Clinic, one of the leading medical tourism clinics in Europe, explained that it is nearly impossible to restore the nose to its original shape. After rhinoplasty, scar tissue forms, and the structure of soft tissues and nasal skeleton change, therefore making a part of the changes irreversible.

“In certain cases, a surgeon can restore the essential features of the former nose. However, revision rhinoplasty is usually more complex, and the result is less predictable, therefore it is recommended to undergo surgery only if it is urgent,” the surgeon said. “Secondary rhinoplasty also takes longer due to complicated structural division and scar tissue. This might increase anesthesia-related risks. If additional tissue is needed, the surgeon takes it from costal cartilages, auricle, or temporal fascia, so there is a potential risk of sustaining complications in the donor spot.”


Ideal candidate for rhinoplasty

Although the look of the nose is important, the reasons for only an aesthetical nose job should be very clearly defined and the patient’s expectations—managed, Dr. Baranauskas explained.

“For example, when the nose is obviously crooked but does not cause any breathing, the end goal —straight nose—is clear. However, the person’s request to have a different, “prettier” nose should be considered with caution,” he explained. “Even if surgery results are fully achieved, the person might have difficulties adjusting to the new look and identity.”

Therefore, according to Dr. Baranauskas, the ideal case for rhinoplasty is when both the function and the aesthetical look can be corrected during the surgery.

“Take a person who has a crooked nasal septum resulting from the growth spurt of the septal cartilage. This obstructs airways and deforms the nasal axis by pushing the tip of the nose downwards and creating a hump,” the surgeon added. “In this case, the surgery eliminates breathing problems and allows changing the shape and position of the tip of the nose as well as removing the hump. The result—aesthetical transformation and, more importantly, unobstructed breathing.”


Pre-surgery do’s and don’ts

If a person has chronic sinusitis, allergic rhinitis, sleep apnoea, or other chronic illnesses, the surgeon advised them to schedule consultations and medical examinations with ENT doctors, allergologists, neurologists, and other specialists. The person should inform their rhinoplasty surgeon about any medication used, especially drugs that affect blood coagulation, hormonal contraception, narcotic substances, and decongestants. Also, they should disclose their smoking habits, past injuries or surgeries, etc.

At the same time, Dr. Baranauskas advised people who want to undergo rhinoplasty for aesthetic reasons to postpone the surgery before major life changes like weddings, extended trips, new jobs, or after emotionally draining events like divorce, illnesses, loss, untreated depression, and other similar circumstances. This is recommended because the patient might have difficulties accepting the changed aesthetic look post rhinoplasty.

Toddler FAQ: A Quick Guide For New Parents

Are you a new parent bringing up a toddler? You might be here because you’re having trouble with their development and feeding program. Well, you aren’t alone. Worrying is okay and normal, especially if you lack experience with small children.

Nevertheless, you don’t have to remain problematic or uncertain. It will be best if you schedule an appointment with your child’s doctor to address your concerns. They’ll help you understand how much and what to feed the baby, how their developmental milestones should proceed, and inform you when to seek medical treatment.

As far as asking questions is concerned, here are frequently asked questions regarding toddlers:

My Toddler Is A Picky Eater. What Should I Do?

Most toddlers are picky eaters, and so are adults. But such fussy eater adults probably started the habit when they were still young. To prevent your toddler from getting there, ensure to introduce a variety of foods once they start eating solids. If you’re yet to introduce different foods with various flavors to your child, try out food pouches from leading child food companies such as Serenity Kids. Such food pouches are packed with nutritious and healthy food for young ones, leaving them yearning for more. It’s also a great way to introduce them to solid foods.

On the other hand, your toddler is more likely to imitate your eating habits. If you are picky with food, expect your toddler to do a good job choosing what to and not to eat. That said, it’s essential for you, as a parent, to be a role model to your child. Prepare healthy meals and stock up your kitchen with fresh, healthy food.

Another way to make your child eat various foods is to bring them along when shopping. Let them pick different vegetables and include them when cooking. Once the food is ready, you’ll notice they’re eager to try what they choose and will gradually start liking new foods.

How Much Should A Toddler Eat?

The answer to this question is a bit diverse since the amount of food a toddler should eat depends on their weight. However, for average toddlers between the age of one to three, about 40 calories for every inch a day will be enough.

A typical toddler meal should consist of one or two tablespoons of protein, two tablespoons of vegetables and fruits, and a single tablespoon of starch. If you’re having trouble determining the number of nutrients your child takes, consider visiting myserenitykids.com and ordering healthy baby food pouches for your baby.

Contrary to what most parents think, it’s not advisable to restrict a child’s diet daily since sometimes they tend to eat more or less. A rule of thumb is that if your child is developing as supposed to and is healthy, avoid food restrictions since they always come around when hungry.

Are These Tantrums Normal?

As they grow, toddlers want to learn and do new things without their parents’ help. On the other hand, as a parent, you see your baby as a fragile human who still requires your help. This perspective leads to you stepping in whenever they try doing something independently. Since they can’t verbally say they don’t need help, the conflict results in outrageous behavior.

Throwing tantrums is normal in toddlers and shouldn’t worry you. All you need is to step aside and avoid apologizing, bargaining, or begging, even if it’s tempting. When you show too much attention, they’ll learn and want to control you with tantrums whenever they need something. Once you step aside, wait until they’re cool. Hug and assure them of your love despite losing control and move on to a new activity.

As a parent, you shouldn’t act out whenever your child throws a tantrum. You must understand they haven’t developed proper communication skills yet. And all they can do to demonstrate their feelings is to cry and do different sorts of things. Nevertheless, if the tantrums don’t go away over the years and seem to get worse, consult your doctor as the child could be experiencing sleeping issues, anxiety, or other health issues.


Bringing up a toddler can be challenging for new parents. During this period, the child is developing fast, and you don’t know how to keep up with the pace. For example, you might not know what to feed the toddler and how much. If you feel you’re doing some things wrong or don’t know how to keep them healthy, consult your doctor for professional advice.

10 Reasons Why You Should Consider Using Autism Spectrum Vitamins

Meta Description: Often children with autism spectrum disorder or ASD lack a number of nutrients and vitamins due to their certain food choices. Here, autism spectrum vitamin supplements are the only option.


As per the CDC data, ASD or autism spectrum disorders affect approximately 1 in every 40 children.

It is a chronic condition which impacts social interaction, communication, and language. Children who suffer from autism might also engage in repetitive or stereotypical behaviors.

Although ASD can not be completely cured, there are a number of treatments available in order to improve the symptoms. In the modern age, the treatment is not at all limited to occupational and speech therapy, behavioral therapy, medications, and also play therapy.

It is believed that diet and supplements also can help in managing the behavioural symptoms of autism spectrum disorder. It has been seen that due to critical food choices, autistic children often also suffer from the deficiency of some particular nutrients.

In this case, supplements work really great by providing those particular nutrients and improving some of the autistic behaviours. A number of supplements are available in the market, but you always should go with the best one.

10 Reasons Why You Should Consider Using Autism Spectrum Vitamins

We completely understand that when it comes to supplements, a lot of us are not sure about whether to include them in the diet or not.

To be honest, a number of studies have found that there are some particular nutrients that can improve some of the autism symptoms and also improve the overall health of children with autism. They are as follows.

Vitamin D.Vitamin C.Methyl Vitamin B-12.Vitamin B-6 and Magnesium. Oxytocin. Melatonin. NAC or N-acetylcysteine. Omega-3 and Fish oil. DMG and TMG. Sulforaphane. Probiotics.Digestive enzymes. So, from the above list, we can see that there are some major vitamins and also other nutrients that autistic children need for their betterment.

And, as autistic children tend to avoid some particular types of food or food groups, they often lack these particular nutrients. This is when supplements, especially autism spectrum vitamins, come into play.

Here, we will talk about the major reasons why you should consider using autism spectrum vitamins. So, let’s get started now.

Better Immunity

Immunity is something that children with autism spectrum disorder almost don’t have. That is why they are exposed to a wide range of infectious diseases. Here, Vitamin C supplements come to the rescue.

We all know how crucial vitamin C is for boosting our immunity, as autistic children are too picky when it comes to food. They often lack Vitamin C. here, providing them with Vitamin C will definitely improve their immunity system.

Improved Digestive System

The digestive issue is another concern among autistic children. And that is why doctors often ask them to avoid some particular foods, in most cases processed food. Thus, improving their digestive system has to be a concern here.

Probiotics, some vitamins, and digestive enzymes are pretty useful here. You should try including them in their diet. In case they are not getting them from their diet, opting for autistic spectrum vitamins is the most convenient option.

Proper Brain Functions

Well, in order to improve the core symptoms of autism, one needs to ensure that the brains of autistic children are properly taken care of. There is a brain chemical, oxytocin, which is associated with social interactions and social bonding.

In some children with autism spectrum disorder, the oxytocin system is compromised to some extent. Only some autistic children have this particular condition, so more research is needed. Supplements are the best options for improving the oxytocin system.

Muscle Functions

Proper muscle functioning is essential for all of us. For proper muscle functioning and development, magnesium is a vital nutrient. It also has been seen that children with ASD often have a deficiency of magnesium.

Usually, Vitamin B6 and magnesium are supplemented together. They are the main components of most multivitamin supplements. So, you should have chosen one of the best multivitamin supplements for autistic children.

Controlling Brain’s Reward System

Vitamin B 6 is responsible for more than 60 different biological processes in the human body. This particular vitamin is broken down in the body by an enzyme named PLP. As per some research, PLP is not as effective in autistic children.

This enzyme is also responsible for maintaining the proper level of dopamine, which helps in controlling the brain’s reward system. And we all know the relation between dopamine levels with autism. So, having those multivitamin supplements with Vitamin B-6 is a must.

Regular And Proper Sleep

Children with autism often suffer from sleeping issues and even insomnia. Melatonin is the hormone that is responsible for regulating both sleep and wake cycles. Whether it is difficulties with falling asleep or staying asleep, melatonin is the only solution.

A number of studies have found a relationship between autism spectrum disorder in children and low melatonin levels. Research also has found impressive results using melatonin supplements in autistic children.

[bold]Production Of Neurotransmitters[endbold]Neurotransmitters are responsible for developing new connections along with strengthening connections that are already present. It has been seen that Vitamin D has an effect on neurotransmitters.

Studies also have found that usually, children with ASD often have deficits in Vitamin D. It has been found that those autistic children who regularly take Vitamin D supplements experience a decrease in those core symptoms of autism, like the following.

Impairment in communication. Engaging in repetitive behaviours. Impairment in social interactions.

Healthy Gut

Due to a number of reasons and food preferences, autistic children often suffer from gut issues. That is why your doctor might have also asked you not to include some particular foods and food groups into your diet.

So, it also needs to be taken care of. With some particular autism spectrum vitamins, this issue can be resolved up to a certain level. Studies have shown proven results that autism supplements actually help a lot in improving their gut health.

Fulfilling Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Children who have autism spectrum disorder often lack adequate amounts of omega-3 fatty acids. It is extremely important for brain and eye development in humans. As a way to fulfill the deficiency of omega-3 fish oil, vitamin supplements can work great.

As per a controlled trial, it has been proved that there are marginal benefits of omega-3 fatty acids in children with an autism spectrum disorder. Omega-3 supplements are one of the most common vitamin supplements for autistic children.

Behavioural Changes

The B 12 vitamins are basically a family of vitamins. Each of the vitamins plays a crucial role in the proper functioning of the nervous system and overall bodily functions. Methyl B-12 has the capability of acting on a particular pathway within the brain.

That eventually results in more power or fuel for some particular brain processes. This particular substance also interacts with folic acid in order to produce cells in the body. Now, you should opt for this particular vitamin supplement to ensure the improvement of some behavioural issues.

How does frequent business travel impact health and wellbeing?

Business travel is a fundamental part of the working world, perhaps for some more than others. It serves to support operations, both domestic and international, whilst helping to establish and nurture relationships with a variety of stakeholders. But does it come at a cost to the health and wellbeing of the traveller?

Employers are legally required to look after the health and wellbeing of their employees, but this has traditionally focused on the immediate office or work environment. Any policies relating to business travel often surround potential dangers of the destination – whether it be political unrest or diseases. However, regular business travellers face several different threats and hazards to their personal health and wellbeing that some employers are yet to recognise – particularly since the pandemic.

What are the potential health and wellbeing impacts?

Frequent business travel and time away from home can have a variety of impacts, both physical and mental. Physically speaking, business travellers are more likely to exercise less, eat poorer diets and suffer from interrupted sleeping patterns – all of which can contribute to the risk of chronic illnesses in the long term. Studies have shown a strong correlation between the frequency of business travel and various mental and physical health conditions such as obesity and high blood pressure. This is clear evidence that employers need to implement policies to support those who travel for business regularly, which we’ll discuss further below.

The impacts on mental health and wellbeing are equally as significant. Time away from loved ones, living in isolation and dealing with stressful situations can lead to increased anxiety levels, stress and depression. Factor in the physical risks too, such as lack of exercise and poor sleeping patterns, and employees can be at very high risk of serious mental health concerns. This is significant for the wellbeing of the employee, of course, but also is likely to have an impact on performance too. So, how can employers do more to support their frequent business travellers?

What can employers do?

Looking after employees should be a primary concern in any business, no matter how hazardous the work environment is. Employers that show care for employee wellbeing are more likely to benefit from lower staff turnover and boost productivity because of healthy workplace culture. Employees that travel regularly should be given the same level of attention. Policies should support business travellers in eating a balanced diet, encouraging exercise and maintaining a healthy sleeping pattern. Accommodation choices can have a real impact on these factors – for example, serviced apartments in regions like Singapore provide cooking facilities for homemade meals and often have fitness suites where guests can exercise.

Also consider if business trips are absolutely essential, or where employees could be given a break from the out-of-office routine. Encourage staff to give feedback on business travel policies because these will give a real indication of where new measures need to be introduced.

Spinal Cord Compression

5 Symptoms Of Spinal Cord Compression

Spinal Cord Compression

Any condition or injury of the spinal cord is a severe matter to the patient and the doctor who treats these patients. Spinal cord compression isn’t a condition that passes by itself; it only causes the symptoms to worsen over time if the patient doesn’t seek medical assistance.

The patient will show signs of deterioration of the discs between the vertebrae in their back or neck, which act as a shock absorber that keeps the channels open for nerves to flow through. Nerves leaving and entering the spinal column carry signals between the body and brain, so naturally, the function will be affected.

When the brain can’t successfully supply instruction to a part of the body or the message it receives is construed, the patient will have varied physical responses. Below are some of the symptoms medical professionals will observe in a patient with spinal cord compression:


Pain or Stiffness In Some Body Parts

One of the first signs patients will report to their doctor is pain or stiffness in some of their body parts. The pain and stiffness typically come and go at first but worsen over time as the condition progresses. Patients will seek medical attention from their doctor, who’ll refer them for other treatments or therapies.

The first go-to therapy for these patients will be chiropractor treatments that could bring them some relief from the pain and stiffness they experience. Ongoing sessions will assist them over time to improve function in the affected area.


Numbness, Cramps, Or Weakness In Some Areas

Another common symptom of spinal compression is numbness or tingling in some areas of the body, especially those that connect to the nerves affected by the added pressure in the spinal cord. It may also cause cramps or weakness, which could worry these patients.

They may struggle to open jars, have trouble keeping themselves upright, or even avoid postures or body positions that cause further pain or aggravate the symptoms. Their inability to support their body correctly may lead to secondary complications that chiropractic treatment or a physiotherapist must address.


Loss of Sensation In the Extremities

Patients are less inclined to worry about a bit of numbness in their fingers or toes, and most don’t realize it until they consciously try to think about it like when doctors test for sensation in their extremities. Where numbness may fluctuate, the patient’s loss of feeling could be more constant, and some patients could even receive a referral for neck surgery, among other procedures.

Many become seriously concerned when they lose feeling in other areas of their bodies like between their legs, the back of their thighs, and their buttocks. These symptoms are severe, and when patients notice any loss of sensation, especially in those areas, they should seek medical assistance immediately by going to the emergency room or seeing their doctor immediately.


Muscle Coordination Issues

Muscles of the body coordinate with each other to provide the person with the functions they need to perform daily. If the coordination between muscles and signals from the brain that gives the instructions are out of sync, the patient will have reduced function in those body parts.

The person may think they want to pick up an item, but that message never reaches their hand muscles to properly grab and hold onto the thing they were thinking of getting. Uncoordinated leg muscles could make it difficult for a person to move their legs, sit properly, or walk.


Total Loss of Function or Control

In more severe or advanced stages of spinal compression, the patient could exhibit a total loss of function or control over certain bodily functions like in the case of spinal injuries. They may lose control over their bowels or bladder, making for an embarrassing situation for the patient.

Another function that’ll often suffer from spinal compression is the sexual function, which could be distressing to patients who previously had no issues in this area. These symptoms are enough for a patient to be admitted for emergency medical treatment by a multidisciplinary team.



Although any strange feelings or sensations in the body worry patients, doctors, and other medical professionals will be more concerned, especially when there’s a significant loss of function. Spinal compression can cause many issues for the patient, but the excruciating pain that some report is usually one of the most debilitating symptoms.

One of the most successful treatments to relieve some of the discomforts of these patients is chiropractic sessions, among other procedures. Depending on the severity of the patient’s symptoms they experience, the medical professionals will do their best to assist these patients to live a full and happy life even with their spinal compression.

Mens Health

Genital Lumps and Bumps: When to Seek Medical Attention

Mens Health

From time to time, it’s common to develop bumps and lumps around your genitals. While most of them shouldn’t be a cause for concern, sometime, these can be signs of a severe health condition, like skin cancer. It’s, therefore, essential to seek a doctor’s advice whenever you have lumps that won’t go away, even with home remedies.

As already stated, most genital lumps and bumps are harmless and might not require treatment, unless they make you uncomfortable. Nevertheless, to give you peace of mind and rule out any threatening health condition, you should seek medical help.


Harmless Genital Bumps

Pimples, mollusca, pearly penile papules, cysts, and angiomas are among harmless genital bumps.

  • Pearly Penile Papules

These are small bumps that occur around a penis, with the same color as the skin around the area. The cause of pearly penile papules (PPP) is yet to be discovered. Mainly, these develop around the penis head and don’t itch or produce fluid. Their appearance resembles pimples, and might appear more prominent or disappear as one ages.

While these bumps might be harmless, you might be required to seek treatment if they make you uncomfortable. Luckily, there are several ways to remove pearly penile papules, and the doctor can help you decide on the best removal procedure for your case. PPP can also be removed at home with home remedies. For instance, this site says you can apply toothpaste on the glans to remove PPP.

  • Cysts

Cysts are lumps under the skin that are yellowish in color, resembling pebbles and moving around easily. While cysts might enlarge a little, mostly, they remain the same size and cause no harm. Since cysts are usually a result of blocked hair follicles, they’re harmless and don’t require treatment.

  • Mollusca

Mollusca are virus-caused genital bumps. These bumps are sexually transmitted and have the same color as the skin around the area. Mollusca are usually characterized by tiny bumps that disappear after some time. Nevertheless, in some cases, these bumps might disappear after three years. Although mollusca might not require treatment, it’s advisable to seek the doctor’s advice for a precise diagnosis. The doctor might also prescribe some medication to help the bumps disappear first. Besides, you wouldn’t want genital bumps for three years, would you?

While mollusca might be harmless or less likely to progress to skin cancer, these can indicate unprotected sex. Therefore, it’s vital for anyone with these bumps to visit a doctor to get tested for sexually transmitted diseases or infections, including HIV, chlamydia, hepatitis, HIV, or syphilis. However, besides syphilis, HIV, chlamydia, and hepatitis don’t cause genital bumps or lumps.

Individuals at risk of developing sexually transmitted infections are the ones who have multiple sexual partners and don’t practice safe sex.

  • Angiomas

These bumps are small collections of blood vessels that appear bright red or purplish. These bumps don’t enlarge or breed. Since they’re harmless and don’t interfere with life’s quality, they don’t require treatment.


Harmful Bumps

Some bumps and lumps are caused by severe infections that might worsen and affect the quality of your life if left untreated. Such bumps include:

  • Genital Warts

Genital warts are tiny skin-colored bumps. These bumps might go away or multiply. Genital warts are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), a virus that also contributes to throat cancer in men and cervical cancer in women. Genital warts are contagious.

HPV is the most common infection transmitted through sex. Luckily, there’s an HPV vaccine for boys and girls who haven’t started having sexual relationships. If you think that the lumps on your genitals might be genital warts, seek treatment as soon as possible before developing a serious health condition.

  • Skin Cancer

Skin cancer on one’s genitals starts as a black spot that continues enlarging. While this disease might be rare in teens, it can be possible. Unfortunately, melanoma or skin cancer spots can develop on skin that isn’t exposed to the sun. If you have the following symptoms, seek your doctor’s advice:

  • A spot that’s wavy, uneven, or rigid on the borders
  • If the spot changes color as time passes or is of different color than the skin around
  • If the spot has a diameter that’s larger than a pencil eraser
  • If the spot is elevated over the skin



Lumps and bumps on the body might not indicate severe health conditions. However, they must be checked to determine if they’re signs of severe health conditions. Don’t hesitate to visit your trusted physician for accurate diagnosis and the best solutions.